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İsrael Hayom - Korona ve Türk Yahudileri

"יהדות טורקיה נפגעה מאוד מהקורונה"


מספר המתים היהודים מהנגיף במדינה גדול פי 16 משיעורם באוכלוסייה • חוקר בכיר: "הם מפחדים לדבר" • השגריר לשעבר: "ארדואן שונא את ישראל שנאת מוות"

יהדות טורקיה היא אחת מהקהילות העתיקות והמפוארות ביותר בעולם. כבר 17 שנים שהיהודים במדינה מתמודדים עם שליטתו של רג'פ טאייפ ארדואן, ואם עד עתה החשש התמקד בנושא הביטחוני – אזי בחודשים האחרונים התווסף אתגר בריאותי קשה מאוד – נגיף הקורונה.
בתחילת המאה שעברה מנתה יהדות טורקיה כ-300 אלף אנשים והיא הלכה והצטמצמה לכ-17 אלף בלבד השנה - כשההערכה היא שבשנים הקרובות מספרם ימשיך לרדת. רובם מתגוררים בערים הגדולות, איסטנבול ואיזמיר, ואילו מקצתם בערים אחרות דוגמת אנטקיה, שסמוכה לסוריה, וכן בורסה. "שיעור התמותה בקהילה היהודית מקורונה הוא גבוה ביחס להיקף היהודים באוכלוסיית טורקיה", מספרת ל"ישראל היום" קארל ולנסי, פרשנית פוליטית באתר T24 ובעיתון היהודי "שלום", "איבדנו חברים יקרים בקהילה שלנו".
לפי הנתונים הרשמיים בטורקיה כולה מתו מקורונה 4,825 ואילו מהקהילה היהודית בלבד נפטרו מהנגיף כ-15 – כולל חזן בית כנסת. כלומר, 0.32% מהמתים מקורונה בטורקיה הם יהודים, כאשר שיעורם באוכלוסייה הכללית עומד על 0.02% בלבד - פי 16. בינתיים, היהודים נהנו מאחת הקלות הסגר שעליה החליט הממשל - ובשבת האחרונה נפתחו בתי הכנסת מחדש.
אדרבא, מדובר בקהילה חסרת ייצוג בפרלמנט, ועל כן קשה לדאוג לאינטרסים שלה. חבר הפרלמנט היהודי האחרון היה ג'פי קמחי שכיהן בין השנים 1999-1995 – וגם אז, בהצבעות חשובות, הוא נמנע בגלל החשש מאנטישמיות.

'Turkish Jews have been badly hit by coronavirus'

The number of Jewish deaths from the virus is 16 times higher than their proportion in the population. Senior researcher: "They're afraid to talk." Former ambassador: "Erdogan hates Israel to death."

Turkey's Jews are one of the oldest and grandest communities in the world. They have been dealing with the rule of Recep Tayyep Erdogan for 17 years now, and if until today their main source for concern was security, the past few months have added a difficult health challenge – coronavirus.
At the beginning of the 20th Century, the Turkish Jewish community was 300,000 strong, yet that number has dropped to only 17,000 this year, and the estimate is that those numbers will continue to drop in the years to come. Most of them live in the major cities, Istanbul and Izmir, while some live in others such as Antakya, next to Syria, and Bursa.
"The death rate from the virus in the Jewish community is higher than their proportion in Turkey's population," says Karel Valansi, a political analyst on the T24 website and the Jewish newspaper "Salom", "we lost dear friends in our community."
According to the official data in Turkey, 4,825 people have died from the virus, and in the Jewish community alone 15 people have passed away – including a synagogue cantor. Meaning, 0.32% of the deaths in Turkey are Jews, when they are only 0.02% of the population – 16 times higher. Meanwhile, Jews are finally enjoying the easing of some restrictions announced by the government – and last Shabbat synagogues reopened.

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